When to use “оплата” and when to use “плата”?

2018-03-18 20:51:28

I wonder how these two synonyms are nuanced in each of the following four instances? I suppose some of them sound odd.

Case 1:

получать плату за работу

получать оплату за работу

Case 2:

получать плату работы

получать оплату работы

Case 3:

Держите X(что-то) в оплату работы.

Держите X(что-то) в плату работы.

Case 4:

Держите X(что-то) в оплату за работу.

Держите X(что-то) в плату за работу.

Оплата stands for payment, the act of paying, like in оплата проезда, оплата услуг, so it's governed by question "Оплата чего?", noun + noun in Genitive.

Плата corresponds to the English noun "pay", the noun which is usually explained in dictionaries as "money given in return for work; salary or wages." It's governed by the question "плата за что?".

In colloquial speech those terms quite often are confused and mixed up just like English "payment" and "pay" do.

This is general information. Now, being back to the cases you've mentioned:

  • Оплата stands for payment, the act of paying, like in оплата проезда, оплата услуг, so it's governed by question "Оплата чего?", noun + noun in Genitive.

    Плата corresponds to the English noun "pay", the noun which is usually explained in dictionaries as "money given in return for work; salary or wages." It's governed by the question "плата за что?".

    In colloquial speech those terms quite often are confused and mixed up just like English "payment" and "pay" do.

    This is general information. Now, being back to the cases you've mentioned:

    "плата за работу" is correct.

    "получать плату за работу" is correct.

    "получать в качестве платы за работу" or "получать в качестве оплаты работы" are correct.

    "вот плата за работу".

    I should mention though that all this cases sounds bit off for Russian speaker. One might say just вот деньги за работу, "получить расчёт за работу", "в счёт оплаты работы" etc.

    UPD: I assume you are from Japan, so here are wiktionary articles on pay and payment in

    2018-03-18 21:04:26